FACT 22: IS COLONY COLLAPSE FIXED? NO! Entomologists confirmed AGAIN in May 2014 a direct link between neonicotinoids and pesticides as the ONGOING cause of Colony Collapse. Here is the most recent published scientific study on this subject: (NOTE: I’m sorry this piece lost formatting. Seems fine now.)
Study strengthens link between neonicotinoids and collapse of honey bee colonies Boston, MA — Two widely used neonicotinoids—a class of insecticide—appear to significantly harm honey bee colonies over the winter, particularly during colder winters, according to a new study from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). The study replicated a 2012 finding from the same research group that found a link between low doses of imidacloprid and Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), in which bees abandon their hives over the winter and eventually die. The new study also found that low doses of a second neonicotinoid, clothianidin, had the same negative effect.
Further, although other studies have suggested that CCD-related mortality in honey bee colonies may come from bees’ reduced resistance to mites or parasites as a result of exposure to pesticides, the new study found that bees in the hives exhibiting CCD had almost identical levels of pathogen infestation as a group of control hives, most of which survived the winter. This finding suggests that the neonicotinoids are causing some other kind of biological mechanism in bees that in turn leads to CCD.
The study appears online May 9, 2014 in the Bulletin of Insectology. www.bulletinofinsectology.org/pdfarticles/vol67-2014-125-130lu.pdf
“We demonstrated again in this study that neonicotinoids are highly likely to be responsible for triggering CCD in honey bee hives that were healthy prior to the arrival of winter,” said lead author Chensheng (Alex) Lu, associate professor of environmental exposure biology at HSPH. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2014/05/09/pesticides-not-mites-cause-honeybee-colony-collapse/#.VP83OuERTqs
RECIPE 24 – SWEET CHICKEN QUARTERS 2 – the perfect combo of organic chicken and honey
INGREDIENTS – 3-4 lbs chicken fryer or chicken quarters / ¼ cup honey – medium in color and flavor, such as alfalfa, citrus, clover or mild summer wildflower honey / 2 tbsp soy sauce / ½ cup butter at room temperature / 1 tsp cornstarch
DIRECTIONS – Preheat the oven to 350*F Place the chicken pieces in a shallow baking pan as flat as they will lie. In a small bowl, combine the honey and soy sauce. Brush the chicken pieces with the butter, and they drizzle on the honey mixture. Bake for 1 ½ hours, or until the chicken is tender, basting often with the sauce. When done, remove the chicken to a serving platter. In the baking pan, make gravy by combining the drippings with any remaining honey mixture and the cornstarch. Serve over the chicken.
SOURCE: US National Honey Board recipe as interpreted by Kim Flottum for the Backyard Beekeeper’s Honey Handbook, Quarry Books 2009